Reference: M. Jarke, J. Köller, B. Braunschweig, W. Marquardt, L. von Wedel, CAPE-OPEN: Experiences from a Standardization Effort in Chemical Industries. In Jakobs, K.; Williams, R. (eds): Standardisation and Innovation in Information Technology. Proc. 1st Int. Conf. on Standardisation and Innovation in Information Technology, SIIT ’99, September 1999 Aachen, IEEE, ISBN 0-7803-9935-8.

Abstract: “Facing economic, environmental and safety constraints, industries are forced to improve performance of their plants and to reduce cost and time for plant development. Process simulation has become a vital tool in order to achieve these goals and to be competitive in a rapidly growing market with increasingly short innovation cycles. Despite of this pressure new research results find their way only slowly into commercial process simulation software because these systems largely only allow proprietary extensions. Truly, open simulation environments must facilitate interchangeability of major modules to render more flexibility. To overcome the bottlenecks in interoperability, reuse, and innovation, the CAPEOPEN project aims at defining a system of standard interfaces. CAPE-OPEN is an EC-funded project with participants from operating companies (Bayer, BASF, BP, DuPont, IFP, Elf, and ICI) defining the requirements, software companies (AspenTech, Hyprotech, SimSci, and QuantiSci) as well as universities from Toulouse, London, and Aachen contributing software expertise and developing prototypes. This paper gives an overview of the standardization process and the experiences made. It illustrates, in particular, the difficulties faced by an application-oriented standardization process that needs to be defined on competing base standards which are themselves moving targets. As a solution strategy, the use of more abstract conceptual modeling standards, including some formal, has been pursued.